Name: Jafar al-Sadiq
Born: Medina on 17th Rabiul Awwal 83 AH
Martyrdom: Medina on 15th Shawwal, 148 AH
Imam Jafar Sadiq, the sixth Imam, attained martyrdom on the 25th of Shawwal in the year 148 AH.
It was during the Caliphate of Abu Jafar Mansoor Abbasi. Imam Sadiq lived 65 years. He had the longest life amongst the other Imams except Imam Zaman (may God hasten his reappearance). Thus, he is also called the Sheikh-ul-Aimma.
After the martyrdom of his respected father, Imam Mohammed Baqir, he undertook the flag of the guidance of Islamic Ummah for 34 years. During the period when the Umayyad government was in decline and there was dispute and feud with the Abbasids, Imam Sadiq utilized this golden opportunity in the revival of the Prophetic tradition, the dissemination of the Islamic culture and trained students who created epics in the Shia history.
During the said period, the theological university of Imam Sadiq had more than 4000 students in the different fields of Figh (Jurisprudence), Tafsir (Commentary) of Holy Quran, Kalaam, Hadith (traditions) and experimental science.
It is for this reason that the untiring efforts, struggles and endeavors of Imam Sadiq in the revival and dissemination of the original Islamic culture became the reason why the Shia school of thought is also called the Jafari religion.